Advances in Microclimate Ecology Arising from Remote Sensing

This paper reviews the use of remote sensing in detecting microclimates in forests. We look into how we could combine remotely sensed data along with data from weather stations to map microclimates in forests in great detail, highlighting some opportunities they provide for ecology, conservation and climate change research. Zellweger, F.; De Frenne, P.; Lenoir, J.; Rocchini D.; Coomes … Continue reading Advances in Microclimate Ecology Arising from Remote Sensing

Airborne laser scanning of natural forests in New Zealand reveals the influences of wind on forest carbon

This study shows that forests in New Zealand facing in the direction of westerly storms are shorter and store less carbon than more sheltered forests. However, these forests develop the highest carbon density for a given height when compared with 14 other tropical forests studied using the same approach, suggesting that although wind kept these … Continue reading Airborne laser scanning of natural forests in New Zealand reveals the influences of wind on forest carbon

Canopy structure and topography jointly constrain the microclimate of human‐modified tropical landscapes

Local‐scale microclimatic conditions in forest understoreys play a key role in shaping the composition, diversity and function of these ecosystems. Consequently, understanding what drives variation in forest microclimate is critical to forecasting ecosystem responses to global change, particularly in the tropics where many species already operate close to their thermal limits and rapid land‐use transformation … Continue reading Canopy structure and topography jointly constrain the microclimate of human‐modified tropical landscapes

Larger fragments have more late‐successional species of woody plants than smaller fragments after 50 years of secondary succession

In 1959, a dam was constructed in Zhejiang, China, creating the Thousand Island Lake with isolated islands of different sizes that were originally hilltops. The vegetation on these isolated patches has been undisturbed since the construction of the dam and gradually gone through succession into secondary forests. In this study, we show that the patch … Continue reading Larger fragments have more late‐successional species of woody plants than smaller fragments after 50 years of secondary succession

Assessing the Progress of REDD+ Projects towards the Sustainable Development Goals

Almost a decade since the establishment of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+), this study investigates the extent to which REDD+ projects are delivering on the promise of co-benefits and the elusive ‘triple-win’ for climate, biodiversity, and local communities. The Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCB) is among several leading REDD+ certification standards that … Continue reading Assessing the Progress of REDD+ Projects towards the Sustainable Development Goals