Landscape-level vegetation recovery from herbivory: progress after four decades of invasive red deer control

Report long-term vegetation changes in permanent plots located in forest, shrubland and grassland communities across a mountain range in southern New Zealand. We test whether 92% reduction in the population of invasive non-indigenous red deer, Cervus elaphus, since 1964 has led to the recovery of deer-preferred species.

Tanentzap, A.J.; Burrows, L.E.; Lee, W.G.; Nugent, G; Maxwell, J.M.; Coomes, D.A.