Toby is working on the effects of wind on tropical forests. Wind causes large-scale damage to forests but the rates of damage are poorly constrained, especially in the tropics. In addition, trees adapt to their local wind conditions, meaning that wind can affect canopy height and carbon storage even in the absence of damage. This 4 year NERC funded project uses both airborne and terrestrial LiDAR to map forest structure and so model wind flow over a complex forest landscape. Toby will also be measuring wind speeds and the bending response of tall trees in situ. The project will begin at the local and regional scales and progress to a comparison of the effect of wind on forests in Malaysia, French Guiana and Puerto Rico.