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Changes in leaf functional traits of rainforest canopy trees associated with an El Niño event in Borneo

El Niño events generate periods of relatively low precipitation, low cloud cover and high temperature over the rainforests of Southeast Asia, but their impact on tree physiology remains poorly understood. Here we use remote sensing and functional trait approaches - commonly used to understand plant acclimation to environmental fluctuations - to evaluate rainforest responses to … Continue reading Changes in leaf functional traits of rainforest canopy trees associated with an El Niño event in Borneo

Forest gain doesn’t stop forest fragmentation in China

Most studies exploring habitat fragmentation effect on biodiversity were conducted at the local or regional level. These studies generally ignored background information (e.g. history, drivers and dynamics) of forest fragmentation which is critical for biodiversity conservation at large scales (e.g. national scale). Hence, these studies provided little practical implications for forest management in fragmented landscapes. … Continue reading Forest gain doesn’t stop forest fragmentation in China

Indirect effects of habitat fragmentation on seed dispersers influence plant community structure

A bird species eating fruits on islands of the Thousand Island Lake Traditional studies generally consider habitat fragmentation as a driver of downsizing of plant seeds due to the disappearance of large seed dispersing vertebrates. However, most of these studies focuses on old‐growth forests, and much less is known about influences of habitat fragmentation on … Continue reading Indirect effects of habitat fragmentation on seed dispersers influence plant community structure

The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions

Shenkin, A.; Chandler, C.; Boyd, D.; Jackson, T.; Jami, J.; Disney, M.; Majalap, N.; Nilus, R.; Foody, G.; Reynolds, G.; Wilkes, P.; Cutler, M.; Van Der Heijden, G.M.; Burslem, D.; Coomes, D.; Bentley, L.P.; Malhi, Y. Here we report the recent discovery of the world’s tallest tropical tree (Shorea faguetiana), possibly the world’s tallest angiosperm … Continue reading The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions

Canopy height mapping with drones

We have assessed the quality of three dimensional forest models produced from drone surveys, and conclude that concerns about their quality for canopy height and carbon measurement are unjustified. The rise of drones has been explosive. Rapid advances in technology and decreases in price have resulted in products that can be used off-the-shelf to survey … Continue reading Canopy height mapping with drones

Forests protect animals and plants against warming

We have quantified the temperature difference between sites within forests and outside, for the first time across the globe. Measurements occurred at 98 locations spread across five continents, in the tropics, temperate zone and northern boreal forests. The data show that the maximum temperature in forests is, on average across the globe, 4 degrees lower … Continue reading Forests protect animals and plants against warming

The microclimate mapping challenge

Organisms experience climate at a small scale, where the topography and the vegetation cause microclimates that vary greatly in space and time. The difference in temperature between north and south facing slopes of a mole hill on a hot summer’s day in Europe, for example, is comparable to the temperature difference between the Mediterranean and … Continue reading The microclimate mapping challenge